Daylight Savings Time Ends November 3

Just a reminder, Daylight Savings Time ends at 2 a.m. on Sunday, November 3!

fall-back-daylight-savingsDid you know…

Daylight saving time (DST)—also summer time in British English— is the practice of advancing clocks during the lighter months so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less. Typically clocks are adjusted forward one hour near the start of spring and are adjusted backward in autumn.[1]

The modern idea of daylight saving was first proposed in 1895 by George Vernon Hudson [2] and it was first implemented by Germany and Austria-Hungary starting on 30 April 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then. Much of the United States used DST in the 1950s and 1960s, and DST use expanded following the 1970s energy crisis and has been widely used in North America and Europe since then.

The practice has been both praised and criticized.[1] Adding daylight to evenings benefits retailing, sports, and other activities that exploit sunlight after working hours,[3] but can cause problems for evening entertainment and other occupations tied to the sun.[4][5] Although an early goal of DST was to reduce evening usage of incandescent lighting (formerly a primary use of electricity[6]), modern heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST currently affects energy use is limited or contradictory.[7]

How does Daylight Savings Time affect your health?

DST has mixed effects on health. In societies with fixed work schedules it provides more afternoon sunlight for outdoor exercise.[113] It alters sunlight exposure; whether this is beneficial depends on one’s location and daily schedule, as sunlight triggers vitamin D synthesis in the skin, but overexposure can lead to skin cancer.[114] DST may help in depression by causing individuals to rise earlier,[115] but some argue the reverse.[116] The Retinitis Pigmentosa Foundation Fighting Blindness, chaired by blind sports magnate Gordon Gund, successfully lobbied in 1985 and 2005 for US DST extensions.[3][65]

Clock shifts disrupt sleep and reduce its efficiency.[9] Effects on seasonal adaptation of the circadian rhythm can be severe and last for weeks.[117] A 2008 study found that although male suicide rates rise in the weeks after the spring transition, the relationship weakened greatly after adjusting for season.[118] A 2008 Swedish study found that heart attacks were significantly more common the first three weekdays after the spring transition, and significantly less common the first weekday after the autumn transition.[119] The government of Kazakhstan cited health complications due to clock shifts as a reason for abolishing DST in 2005.[120] In March 2011, Dmitri Medvedev, president of Russia, claimed that “stress of changing clocks” was the motivation for Russia to stay in DST all year long. Officials at the time talked about an annual increase in suicides.[121]

Information: from Wikipedia.org.

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